|The First Art Newspaper on the Net
||Established in 1996
|| Thursday, October 19, 2017
|One of the Most Spectacular Mosaic Floors Ever Discovered in Israel was Restored and Renovated|
JERUSALEM.- The mosaic, which is decorated with a seven-branched candelabrum and images of different animals, was conserved and returned to its original location. The site is now open to the general public and admission to it is free.
The site of the mosaic floor, which is part of a synagogue from the Byzantine period (fifth and sixth centuries CE), is located in the settlement of Ma‘on-Nirim, in the western Negev, and will be open to the public this week. This mosaic originally measured 3.70 x 7.80 m but was damaged when the road to Kibbutz Nir Oz was paved in 1957. The mosaic floor and the remains of the synagogue were discovered during salvage excavations that were undertaken on behalf of the Department of Antiquities in 1957. The mosaic’s state of preservation has deteriorated in recent years as a result of the unsuitable conditions in which the mosaic was kept and a lack of maintenance. Therefore, in 2006, it was removed from the site and transferred for treatment to the Conservation Laboratories in the Rockefeller Museum in Jerusalem.
The Jewish National Fund, Israel Antiquities Authority and Eshkol Regional Council cooperated in implementing the rehabilitation project. The JNF assisted in the renovation of the synagogue and a generous contribution by Sandy Galet was used to fund the tourism development work which included: signage, access roads, walking paths with access for the handicapped and a new entrance to the site via Highway 232. Future development plans for the site include a picnic area and walking paths in the nearby forest. The conservation work on the mosaic and the archaeological remains of the ancient synagogue was carried out by a team of mosaic conservators from the Conservation Department of the Israel Antiquities Authority.
On Monday, March 30, 2009, at 11:00 AM, a ceremony will take place during which the mosaic will be unveiled and the site will be inaugurated. The ceremony will be attended by Mr. Effi Stenzler, Chairman of the JNF; Mr. Shuka Dorfman, director of the Israel Antiquities Authority; and Mr. Haim Yellin, head of the Eshkol Regional Council.
The site is open to the general public and admission is free.
The Conservation Method
The process of detaching the mosaic from its foundation included documentation, cleaning, and gluing the surface of the mosaic to cloth. Part of the mosaic was separated and rolled onto a wooden drum that was prepared for this purpose and the rest was removed in pieces c. 1.5 meters in size. The team of conservators from the Israel Antiquities Authority cleaned the remains of the old bedding from back of the mosaic and returned the mosaic to its original location atop the new foundation (consisting of lime-based plaster) that was prepared for it.
On the Mosaic Floor
According to the archaeological findings the northern wall of the synagogue’s sanctuary was breached in the middle of the sixth century CE and an apse, which is a circular niche that protrudes outward, was installed in the opening. The level of the earlier floor was raised and a breathtakingly beautiful mosaic floor surrounded by marble columns was constructed on top of it in the northern part of the sanctuary. The synagogue had a basilica plan in which there was a nave with a mosaic floor that was flanked by two aisles paved with stone tiles. The ceiling was built of wooden beams and clay. The decoration on the mosaic floor consists of a vine tendril that stems from an amphora to form a trellis of medallions that are adorned with scenes of everyday life from the vineyard and from wine production and with different animals. The images portrayed in the upper rows include a seven-branched candelabrum that stands on three legs shaped like lion’s feet, and near them etrogim, a shofar and a lulav, and alongside the candelabrum – palm trees and lions, which are symbols of Judah. An Aramaic inscription is incorporated in the mosaic. The upper part of the inscription blesses all of the community followed by a dedication to three individuals who donated generous contributions.
Tiny objects were found on the floor facing the Holy Ark: coins, bone and metal artifacts that probably belonged to the Holy Ark and the ornamental curtain in front of the Ark, as well as fragments of glass and ceramic lamps. Also found were dozens of amulets, some of which were of women who were asking for good health.
The Ma‘on synagogue is located in the Hellenistic site of Menois, which appears on the Madaba Map. It is one of the three synagogues in the western Negev and its floor is identical to the one in the synagogue in Gaza. The site, which was one of the most important tourism sites in the western Negev, had been allowed to deteriorate over time.
March 31, 2009
400th Anniversary of Henry Hudson's Voyage to Manhattan Celebrated at Rijksmuseum
The Getty Museum Presents the Work of Paul Outerbridge, A Gifted Master of Photography
Eva Rothschild Takes on Tate Britain Duveens Commission 2009
Selected Works from the Collection of the Knight of Glin to be Offered at Christie's in May
Major Photographer of the 20th Century, Helen Levitt, Dies at 95
The Italian Primitives from the Altenburg Collection on View at the Jacquemart-André Museum
First Major Exhibition in the U.S. for Suiko Takeshita at Nakamura Japan
First Exhibition in Ireland for Elizabeth Peyton at the Irish Museum of Modern Art
Portrait Exhibition to Celebrate the Contribution of Gay People and Gay Icons to History and Culture
The Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art Announces George Segal: Street Scenes
Royal Academy of Arts Presents an Exhibition of Works by Adrian Berg RA
Alain-Dominique Gallizia Commissions Graffiti Works for Grand Palais Exhibition
Sotheby's to Offer 19th Century European Art Including Orientalist Paintings, Drawings & Sculpture
It is What it is: Conversations About Iraq, A New Commission for the Three M Project
One of the Most Spectacular Mosaic Floors Ever Discovered in Israel was Restored and Renovated
New Orleans Museum of Art Announces The Mind's Eye: Without Subject Matter, What Does the Artist See?
Wartime Writings by Sartre, Gide and Others Exhibited for the First Time in the U.S. at The New York Public Library
Walker Art Center's Mack Lecture Series Presents Collage and Installation Artist Mark Bradford
The Peoples House: A Temple of Democracy 150th Anniversary of the Volunteer State Capitol
Most Popular Last Seven Days
1.- $37.7 million bowl sets Chinese ceramic auction record at Sotheby's Hong Kong
2.- Major new show at Picasso Museum focuses on pivotal year in Picasso's life and work
3.- 63 Dutch Masters return home to Holland for an exhibition at the Hermitage Amsterdam
4.- Exhibition reveals new insights into Renoir's celebrated "Luncheon of the Boating Party"
5.- Nazi-looted Pissarro painting at centre of legal tussle
6.- The Herbert F. Johnson Museum of Art presents 'Lines of Inquiry: Learning from Rembrandt's Etchings'
7.- Pristine Hermès Himalayan Gris Cendre Birkin bag sells for $112,500 at Heritage Auctions
8.- Tom Petty, heartland rocker with dark streak, dead at 66
9.- Exhibition presenting the art of Marcel Duchamp and Salvador Dalí opens in London
10.- Private collectors using online appraisal platform to get multiple estimates from top auction houses
Important Judaica and Israeli & international art bring a combined $7.9 million at Sotheby's New York
Tunisia to auction ousted despot's treasures
Andy Warhol's Mao portraits excluded from the Beijing and Shanghai shows next year
China criticises French Qing dynasty seal auction
Christie's announces auction marking the first half century of the popular and luxurious interiors shop Guinevere
Nine new exhibits debut at San Diego International Airport
Rembrandt masterpiece "Portrait of Catrina Hooghsaet" back on display at National Museum Cardiff
Amber: 40-million-year-old fossilised tree resin is Baltic gold
Egyptian artist Iman Issa wins the Ist FHN Museu dArt Contemporani de Barcelona Award
The main chapel of the Basilica of Santa Croce open for visits after five year restoration
Museums, Exhibits, Artists, Milestones, Digital Art, Architecture, Photography,
Photographers, Special Photos, Special Reports, Featured Stories, Auctions, Art Fairs,
Anecdotes, Art Quiz, Education, Mythology, 3D Images, Last Week, .
|Royalville Communications, Inc|
Tell a Friend
Dear User, please complete the form below in order to recommend the Artdaily newsletter to someone you know.
Please complete all fields marked *.