LONDON.- The performance costumes of The Supremes, one of the most successful groups of all time, will be on display at the V&A this summer. On show will be over 50 outfits that chart the changing image of the group from their dresses in the early days when they were known as The Primettes to the glamorous Hollywood designs they wore at the height of their fame. Set against the backdrop of the meteoric rise of Motown Records, and the turbulence of the American civil rights movement, the display will explore the inspirational role The Supremes played in changing racial perceptions and their influence on todays performers.
The Supremes recorded 12 US No.1 hits between 1964 and 1969, including an unprecedented five consecutive chart toppers. The display will include costumes worn by the original Supremes Mary Wilson, Diana Ross and Florence Ballard, as well as the 70s Supremes. It will examine how the group was carefully styled by Berry Gordy and his Motown associates to appeal to the widest possible audience.
Based on the collection of Mary Wilson, the display will feature the groups music, album covers and archive footage of them performing as well as new video interviews with Wilson and Maxine Powell, Motowns in-house Artist Development Director.
On show will be one of the first gowns purchased by the group when they were still called The Primettes. There will be several costumes designed by Hollywood designer Bob Mackie (known as the Sultan of Sequins) and costumes designed for appearances on television including The Ed Sullivan Show (on which the group performed 17 times). The gold, bronze and yellow Butterfly gowns worn on the cover of the 1969 album Cream of the Crop will be displayed as well as the beaded dresses The Supremes wore to meet the Queen Mother in 1968. The black velvet gowns encrusted with rhinestones, pearls and gold brocade designed by Mackie and worn for Diana Rosss 1970 farewell performance with the group will also be on show.
In addition original photographs, footage of television appearances and magazine spreads will examine The Supremes as black role models in the 1960s. Appearing on radio and television screens across the world, the group broke down racial barriers and enjoyed unprecedented success.
As the 50th anniversary of Motown Records approaches in 2009, the display also looks at the companys history. After lowly beginnings in Detroit, a city more famous for car production than music, Motown became the largest independent record label in America and the most financially successful black owned business in the country. The Supremes epitomised the vibrant, sophisticated crossover appeal of the label. On display will be a reconstruction of the mixing desk from the famous Recording Studio A at Motown headquarters Hitsville USA.
The final section looks at the groups influence today. A set of costumes worn by Destinys Child will be exhibited and there will be a specially commissioned video interview with radio and television broadcaster Trevor Nelson who will discuss the The Supremes and todays generation of girl bands.
Mary Wilson said: I have kept these dresses in storage for over 30 years, it was my dream that that one day I could share them with the world. I am delighted that they are going on display at the V&A and on tour around the UK.
The display is part of the V&As programme for its Theatre and Performance Collections. It has been adapted and curated by Geoffrey Marsh (Head of V&A Theatre and Performance Collections) and Victoria Broackes (Head of Exhibitions). Carol Tulloch, research fellow at the V&A and co-curator of the Museums 2004 Black British Style exhibition, has also contributed.