The First Art Newspaper on the Net Established in 1996 United States Friday, November 28, 2014


Nine Manuscripts By French Writer André Breton at Sotheby's Paris
André Breton, Manifeste du surréalisme. Poisson soluble. Poisson soluble II (7 cahiers d’écriture automatique). Estimated at €300 000-500 000. © Sotheby's Images.
PARIS, FRANCE.-Sotheby’s announced the sale in Paris on May 20, 2008 of an exceptional collection of nine manuscripts by the French writer André Breton. The group, which is being sold by the family of Breton’s first wife, Simone Collinet, has until now never come to the market.

The most remarkable document in the collection is without doubt the only known autograph manuscript of the Manifeste du surréalisme, which was written in 1924 and which defines “once and for all” the Surrealists’ credo. The 21-page paper, which is richly marked and annotated, was originally meant as an introduction to the publication of automatic texts by Breton under the title Poisson soluble. However, in the course of his writing, Breton expanded on his ideas and developed a theory of greater ambition; one which reconciles - from a Freudian background - literature and life, through a new type of language, stimulated by dreams, imagination, insanity, chance, license, or fear.

Breton writes: « Il s’agissait de remonter aux sources de l’imagination poétique, et, qui plus est, de s’y tenir. C’est ce que je ne prétends pas avoir fait. Il faut prendre beaucoup sur soi pour vouloir s’établir dans ces régions reculées où tout a d’abord l’air de se passer si mal (…) Toujours est-il qu’une flèche indique maintenant la direction de ces pays et que l’atteinte du but véritable ne depend plus que de l’endurance du voyageur »

The manifesto sees Breton pay an unforgettable tribute to his contemporaries « qui ont entendu la voix surréaliste, celle qui continue à prêcher à la veille de la mort et au-dessus des orages ». Estimated at €300 000-500 000, the manuscript was first exhibited to the public in 2002 when it featured in La Révolution Surréaliste at the Centre Pompidou in Paris.

A second highlight of the collection is the definitive autograph version of Poisson soluble, perhaps the most important of Breton’s automatic writings. This document was published in 1924 by Simon Kra together with the Manifeste du surréalisme. Estimated at €200,000-300,000, the extensive 59 page manuscript brings together some 32 texts and is the result of four years of automatic writing between 1921 and 1924. As a key statement of the manifesto’s ideas, Poisson soluble was acclaimed and considered a fundamental work of the Surrealist movement, particularly by the writer Julien Gracq, who was deeply influenced by Breton’s work. Gracq states: « d’une légèreté contagieuse, par la présence d’une nature miniaturisée, toute de douceur et de délicatesse, une nature déjà en marche vers l’homme, où est partout présente la femme naturellement fée ». In a letter to Jean Gaulmier, dated January 21, 1958, Breton explains the origin of Poisson soluble : « Ces 32 textes (…) ont presque tous pris naissance dans des cahiers d’écolier à couverture illustrée en couleurs, comme on en trouvait encore alors, au cours de séances à plusieurs ou à deux (généralement Robert Desnos et moi) s’appliquant simultanément à la même tâche. Ceci avait presque toujours lieu à Paris dans mon atelier, 42 rue Fontaine ».

Seven further notebooks will also be included in the sale and these were given to Simone Collinet by Breton. These notebooks range in estimate between €20,000-80,000 and they give important textual differences with the definitive version and throw precious light on the methods chosen by the Surrealists in practicing automatic writing.

Marguerite Bonnet, a specialist in Breton’s work and the publisher of the notebooks under the title Poisson soluble II, states : « L’écriture si régulière de Breton est parfois déformée par la rapidité de la notation. Certaines pages ne portent aucune rature. Il arrive qu’un ‘raté’ se produise dès la phrase de départ et qu’elle soit remplacée par une autre, totalement différente ; il arrive aussi que le texte soit abandonné au bout de quelques lignes, parfois au cours d’un mot » The notebooks include 12 poetry collages, composed of strips of printed matter cut out from newspapers. Only one of these poetry collages by Breton has been made public in the past (from the collection of Pierre Naville).

André Breton and Simone Collinet, nee Kahn, met in May 1920 in the Jardin du Luxembourg in Paris. They married the following year and settled on Rue Fontaine in September 1921. Their Rue Fontaine apartment acquired immense fame, as it served not only as a showcase for Breton’s work, but as the Surrealists’ meeting point and their general headquarters. Simone Collinet was involved in the very first automatic writing sessions, together with Breton, Desnos, Crevel and Péret. She was Breton’s wife and companion during the years of Dada’s evolution into Surrealism.

The auction will be conducted by Cyrille Cohen, Vice-President of Sotheby’s France, who was the auctioneer at the celebrated André Breton, 42 rue Fontaine sale at Calmels Cohen in 2003.





Last Week News

January 29, 2008

Long-Lost Set of Robert Capa Negatives Taken During Spanish Civil War Found in Mexico

The AIPAD Photography Show New York To Be Held April 10-13, 2008

Old Master Paintings and European Works of Art in N.Y. Total $82.5 M

Glasgow Art Fair 2008 To Open in March

Core at 25: Milestone Anniversary for the Artists' and Critics' Residency Program at MFAH Glassell School

Winter Artist in Residence: Michael Genovese

Sheldon Memorial Art Gallery Presents The Unknown Blakelock

Florian Bohm Exhibition at Galerie f5,6, Munich

"Victory Mail" Exhibit Opens March 6 at the Smithsonian's National Postal Museum

Arts Council England, West Midlands awards over GBP34,000 to Projects

January 28, 2008

Kunsthalle Helsinki Presents Retrospective On Finnish Modernist Artist Tapani Raittila

Museum für Moderne Kunst Presents Hans Josephsohn, Sculptor

.raw esperanto Opens at MAMA in Rotterdam

White Cube Mason's Yard Presents Marc Quinn Evolution

The 16th Annual Outsider Art Fair Opens in New York

Buddhist Master Shinjo Ito Honored With Centennial World Tour

Patricia Piccinini - The Place Where It Actually Happens

James Kitchens at Miami Art Group Gallery

Our Literal Speed at Center for Art and Media Karlsruhe

The JPMorgan Chase Museum Career Paid Internship at Jersey City Museum

January 27, 2008

Royal Academy of Arts To Present A Major Exhibition Devoted To Lucas Cranach the Elder

Print the Legend To Open at The Fruitmarket Gallery

San Jose ICA Explores Art as Social Practice - This Show Needs You

Hervé Wahlen: Dinanderie - Copper Works Invite Exploration and Discovery

Shaolin: Temple of Zen, Photographs by Justin Guariglia at The Ben Maltz Gallery

"Accident Blackspot," at Markus Winter

Jersey City Museum Presents Afternoon Delight: Leon Yost

Henry Krokatsis - See Better Daze

Aristodimos Kaldis: Four Major Works, 1956 - 1977

SculptureCenter Presents Addict- Love

January 26, 2008

The Royal Academy of Arts Presents From Russia: French and Russian Master Paintings

Bruce Nauman To Represent the United States at the 2009 Venice Biennale

David Winton Bell Gallery Presents Cut Folded Dyed & Glued

Forest Through The The Trees at The Fabric Workshop and Museum

A Touch of Dutch - Royal Fans from the House of Orange-Nassau

Lukas Wassmann A certain, je ne sais quoi

Jersey City Museum Presents "Threads" Wearable Art Fashion Show

The European Fine Art Fair - Maastricht

Gallery Brighton Presents Keith Harrison - Superfluid

"Making It Happen," at Center for Curatorial Studies at Bard College

January 25, 2008

Museo Del Prado Presents "El Greco in the Prado" & Publishes Catalogue Raisonné

Matisse: Painter as Sculptor at Baltimore Museum of Art

Antiquity to Contemporary - Great Works of Art From 3000 Years at Tefaf Maastricht 2008

Person of the Crowd: The Contemporary Art of Flanerie

Rice University Art Gallery Presents Charlie Roberts Installation

Apoohcalypse Now - Ed Young / Artemio at The Hayward Project Space

John Atkin Selected for Beijing Olympic Exhibition

PhotoforumPasquArt Presents Jean-Luc Cramatte Poste mon Amour

The October Gallery Presents Winter Show 2008

PSEG Global Green Expo Announced Jersey City Museum Presented with $50,000 Grant

January 24, 2008

Max Ernst - Im Garten der Nymphe Ancolie - The Discovery of a Masterpiece

Arte / Vida: Actions by Artists of the Americas, 1960-2000

¡CUBA! - A Voyage through This Island's Art and History, from 1868 to Today

High Museum of Art Commissions Two Major Pieces by Dutch Artists Jurgen Bey and Tejo Remy

Drinking Customs and Vessels To Be Topic of VMFA Event

Irvine Contemporary Presents Phil Nesmith, My Baghdad : New Ambrotype Photographs

ArtCenter Under Psychadelic Renovation By Picturopolis

Jersey City Museum and The Media Arts Department of NJCU Present The URBAN IMAGE Media Collective: Open Call

Bar Vinyl and Vinyl Rulz Present "Music Speaks"

Michael Kohn Gallery Pesents Christine Nguyen

Most Popular Last Seven Days



1.- Greece holds breath as skeleton found in Alexander the Great-era tomb at Amphipolis

2.- Spain mourns the death of art collector Cayetana Fitz-James Stuart, Duchess of Alba

3.- Meet the ancestors: Exhibition at Bordeaux gallery reveals faces of prehistoric humans

4.- Getty Foundation and partners launch free of charge online art collection catalogues

5.- Historic photos of dead Cuban revolutionary Che Guevara resurface in small Spanish town

6.- Exhibition showcases the first two 'Poesie' created by Titian following their restoration

7.- O'Keeffe painting sells for more than three times the previous world auction record for any female artist

8.- Crystal Bridges announces the departure of museum President Don Bacigalupi

9.- artnet Auctions offers a later example of Yayoi Kusama's important Infinity-Nets series

10.- 'Degenerate art' should go back to museums: German advisor Jutta Limbach

Related Stories



Important Judaica and Israeli & international art bring a combined $7.9 million at Sotheby's New York

Tunisia to auction ousted despot's treasures

Andy Warhol's Mao portraits excluded from the Beijing and Shanghai shows next year

China criticises French Qing dynasty seal auction

Christie's announces auction marking the first half century of the popular and luxurious interiors shop Guinevere

Nine new exhibits debut at San Diego International Airport

Rembrandt masterpiece "Portrait of Catrina Hooghsaet" back on display at National Museum Cardiff

Amber: 40-million-year-old fossilised tree resin is Baltic gold

Egyptian artist Iman Issa wins the Ist FHN Museu d’Art Contemporani de Barcelona Award

The main chapel of the Basilica of Santa Croce open for visits after five year restoration



Museums, Exhibits, Artists, Milestones, Digital Art, Architecture, Photography,
Photographers, Special Photos, Special Reports, Featured Stories, Auctions, Art Fairs,
Anecdotes, Art Quiz, Education, Mythology, 3D Images, Last Week, .

 

Founder:
Ignacio Villarreal
Editor & Publisher: Jose Villarreal - Consultant: Ignacio Villarreal Jr.
Art Director: Juan José Sepúlveda Ramírez - Marketing: Carla Gutiérrez
Special Contributor: Liz Gangemi - Special Advisor: Carlos Amador
Contributing Editor: Carolina Farias

Royalville Communications, Inc
produces:

ignaciovillarreal.org theavemaria.org juncodelavega.org facundocabral-elfinal.org
Founder's Site. The most varied versions
of this beautiful prayer.
Hommage
to a Mexican poet.
Hommage
       

The First Art Newspaper on the Net. The Best Versions Of Ave Maria Song Junco de la Vega Site Ignacio Villarreal Site