Cindy Shermans groundbreaking series, Untitled Film Stills, 1977-80, has gone on public display for the first time in the UK in a major new retrospective of the artists work at the National Portrait Gallery
, London. Opening on Thursday 27 June, Cindy Sherman explores the development of the artists work from the mid-1970s to the present day, including rarely exhibited photographs and films created while Sherman was an art student at the State University College at Buffalo from 1972 to 1976, and a new work Untitled #602 created in 2019 from a collaboration with Stella McCartney. The exhibition features over 190 works from international public and private collections, as well as a recreation of Shermans studio in New York, providing an unprecedented insight into the artists working processes.
Widely regarded as one of the worlds leading contemporary artists, Cindy Sherman, (b. 1954), first gained widespread critical recognition for Untitled Film Stills, the series that she commenced shortly after moving to New York in 1977. Comprising 70 images, the work was the artists first major artistic statement and defined her approach. With Sherman herself as model wearing a range of costumes and hairstyles, her black and white images captured the look of 1950s and 60s Hollywood, film noir, B movies and European art-house films. Building on that layer of artifice, the fictional situations she created were photographed in a way that recalls the conventions of yesterdays cinema. As a result, each photograph depicts its subject, namely the artist, refracted through a layer of artifice - a veneer of representation.
The exhibition includes all five of Shermans Cover Girl series, completed shortly after she graduated from art school, displayed together for the first time since November 1976 when they were exhibited on the inside of the top deck of a bus. Other key works are shown from the artists most important series including Rear Screen Projections, Centrefolds, History Portraits, Fairy Tales, Fashion, Flappers, Sex Pictures, Masks, Headshots, Clowns and Society Portraits. The exhibition also features a digital version of A Cindy Book, a private album of family photographs that Sherman began compiling when she was around eight or nine years old, which has never been seen before, revealing an early fascination with her own changing appearance.
Cindy Sherman focuses on the artists manipulation of her own appearance and her deployment of material derived from a range of cultural sources in order to create imaginary portraits that explore the tension between façade and identity. Sherman is famous for her use of make-up, costumes, props and prosthetics to create complex and ambiguous photographic images. Taking a quotation from Alfred Hitchcocks 1954 film, Rear Window, which Sherman has cited as an important influence: Tell me everything you saw and what you think it means as its central theme, the exhibition will examine in detail Shermans rich and varied visual language - which draws on cinema, television, advertising and fashion.
Dr Nicholas Cullinan, Director, National Portrait Gallery, London, says: We are delighted to be opening this major new retrospective, spanning over 40 years of work by one of the most influential and important artists of our time, whose photographs now appear more relevant and prescient than ever in an era of social media and selfies. The exhibition is an exciting proposition for the National Portrait Gallery, placing key works from Shermans most important series within the context of portraiture to explore the often complex and ambiguous relationship between appearance and reality, challenging our notion of what a portrait can be.
Paul Moorhouse, Curator, Cindy Sherman, says: Cindy Shermans art is completely distinctive. By inventing fictitious characters and photographing herself in imaginary situations, she inhabits a world of pure appearance. No other artist interrogates the illusions presented by modern culture in such a penetrating way - or scrutinises so tellingly the façades that people adopt. Probing the elusive connection between appearance and meaning, her work explores contemporary life and with sharp observation exposes its deceptions.
Lisa Mcgeough, co-head of International, Wells Fargo says: As part of Wells Fargos communities mandate, we are delighted that our sponsorship allows British and international visitors to view Shermans seminal series and newer portraits.
Cindy Sherman is curated by Paul Moorhouse, independent curator and writer, formerly Senior Curator of 20th Century Portraits and Head of Displays (Victorian to Contemporary) at the National Portrait Gallery, whose exhibitions include Howard Hodgkin: Absent Friends (2017), Giacometti Pure Presence (2016), The Great War in Portraits (2014), The Queen: Art and Image (2012), Gerhard Richter Portraits (2009) and Pop Art Portraits (2007). He is the author of Cindy Sherman, published by Phaidon in 2014.