Contemporary Tibetan artists are in a precarious position. While their work is informed by Tibetan artistic traditions, the majority of these artists do not live in Tibet, and some never have. Their challenge is twofold: as they forge a name for themselves in the competitive art world, they must also try to find their own place within Tibets rich and formalized artistic legacy.
Tradition Transformed: Tibetan Artists Respond, on view at the Hood Museum of Art
, Dartmouth College, from January 15 through March 13, 2011, features artists who grapple with these very issues of cultural and artistic negotiation and who work with traditional forms in innovative ways. Technology, travel, displacement, and personal artistic freedom have informed their individual responses to the complex interaction between tradition and modernity in both art and culture. The artistsDedron, Gonkar Gyatso, Losang Gyatso, Kesang Lamdark, Tenzin Norbu, Tenzing Rigdol, Tsherin Sherpa, and Penba Wangduwere invited to submit new and recent works for this exhibition, which originated at the Rubin Museum of Art in New York City.
Of the artists, five were born in Tibet, three come from Nepal, and one was born in India. Dedron (the only woman featured in the exhibition and one of a handful of Tibetan woman artists), Tenzin Norbu, and Penba Wangdu continue to live in their Himalayan homelands, while the others have emigrated to Europe and the United States at different stages in their lives. The majority of these artists are trained in traditional painting and the strict interpretations prescribed by Buddhist religionspiritual formulas and artistic norms from which they break by experimenting with alternative media and by extracting sacred symbols from their religious context, repurposing them for self-expression. Two of the artists featured in the exhibition, Tenzing Rigdol and Tsherin Sherpa, will present public talks at the Hood. Tenzing Rigdol will speak in the exhibitions galleries on Tuesday, January 25, at 12:30 PM, and Tsherin Sherpa will present a talk in the museums Arthur M. Loew Auditorium at 4:30 PM on Tuesday, February 15. Both programs are free and open to everyone.
Many of these powerful works consistently juxtapose and merge the sacred with the profane. The large Buddha in Gonkar Gyatsos L.A. Confidential (2007) is filled with tiny, disarmingly colorful stickers. Though born in Lhasa, Gyatso describes his life as imbued with Chinese tradition, a source of great frustration and disconnect from the cultural observations of previous generations of Tibetans. It is this cultural rift that Gyatso explores in his art.
Tsherin Sherpa makes a case for the value of transforming traditions. His Preservation Project #1 (2009) warns against the pitfalls of forced cultural preservation. It features the Buddhas head and many hands in the shape of various mudras, all pressed against the inside of a glass jar. Sherpa describes his painting as an attempt to question and provoke all of us to check and see how we are actually preserving traditions. For Sherpa, and for many of these artists, Tibets traditions may be kept alive and relevant through their very transformation.
During the opening week of the exhibition, the museum will host monks from the Namgyal Monastery and Institute of Buddhist Studies to create a traditional sand mandala in the galleries. Visitors are welcome to visit during regular museum hours between Wednesday, January 19, and Saturday, January 22, to see their progress. On Friday, January 21, at 4:30 PM, Kabir Mansingh Heimsath from the University of Oxford will deliver the opening lecture in the museums Arthur M. Loew Auditorium entitled Untitled Identities #3: Contemporary Tibetan Art in Context, followed by a public reception in Kim Gallery. On Saturday, January 22, the exhibitions curator, Rachel Weingeist, Deputy Director of the Shelley and Donald Rubin Foundation, will present a special tour of the exhibition at 2:00 PM. All events are free and open to everyone.